New anti-dumping investigations dropped by 47% says WTO Secretariat

30 October 2007

During the period 1 January-30 June 2007, the number of initiations of new anti-dumping investigations declined sharply, dropping by 47 per cent compared with the number during the corresponding period of 2006. The number of new measures also declined, by 20 per cent.

During January-June 2007, 13 Members reported initiating a total of 49 new investigations, compared with 92 initiations in the corresponding period of 2006. A total of 16 Members reported applying 57 new final anti-dumping measures during the first semester of 2007, compared with 71 new measures reported by 15 Members for the corresponding period of 2006. Seventeen of the 49 new initiations were opened by developed Members, and 14 of the 57 new final measures were applied by developed Members, during the first half of 2007. This compares with 37 new initiations opened and 10 new measures applied by developed Members during the first half of 2006.

The Member reporting the highest number of new initiations during January-June 2007 was India, with 13, followed by New Zealand (6). Ranked next were Korea (5); Brazil, China and Japan (4 each); Argentina and South Africa (3 each); Mexico and the United States (2 each); and Chile, Colombia and Egypt (1 each). These figures represented declines for Argentina, Egypt, India, and Mexico compared with the first half of 2006, and increases for Brazil, Chile, Japan, Korea, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United States. In addition, Australia, Canada, Costa Rica, the European Communities, Indonesia, Jordan, Pakistan, Peru, Chinese Taipei, and Turkey, each of which reported new initiations for the first half of 2006, reported no new initiations for the first half of 2007.

China remained the most frequent subject of the new investigations, with 16 initiations directed at its exports during January-June 2007, down sharply from the 31 new investigations on exports from China that were reported for the corresponding period of 2006. Chinese Taipei, the European Communities (including individual member States) and Korea were the second most frequent subjects, with four initiations of new investigations each directed at their exports during the first half of 2007, compared with seven, four and five, respectively, during the first half of 2006. India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, and the United States were tied for third place, with two initiations each in respect of their exports, compared with three, two, five, five and seven initiations, respectively, during January-June 2006. Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Hong Kong China, New Zealand, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand, and Uruguay, were the subject of one initiation each during the January-June 2007 period.

The products that were most frequently subject to the reported new investigations during the first half of 2007 were in the chemicals sector (24 initiations), followed by pulp and paper (9 initiations) and plastics (6 initiations). Of the 24 reported initiations in respect of chemicals products, India reported 10, China and Japan each reported four, the United States reported two, and Argentina, Brazil, Korea, and South Africa each reported one.

Concerning application of new final anti-dumping measures, India, with 16, reported the largest number during the first half of 2007, doubling the 8 new measures it reported during the corresponding period of 2006. Argentina, reporting seven new final measures during the January-June 2007 period, was second, followed by the European Communities (6), China (5), Pakistan (4), and Canada, Colombia, Turkey, and the United States (3 each). These figures represented declines from the corresponding period of 2006 for China, Pakistan and Turkey, and increases for Argentina, Canada, Colombia, the European Communities, and the United States. Australia, Brazil, Chile, Egypt, Peru, South Africa, and Chinese Taipei, each reported applying one new measure during the first half of 2007.

Products exported from China remained the most frequent subject of new measures — accounting for 22 of the 57 new measures reported for the first half of 2007 — compared with 15 new measures on products from China during the corresponding period of 2006. Chinese Taipei was in second place, with its exports subject to four new measures, compared with three during the first half of 2006. India, Indonesia, Korea, and Thailand each were subject to three new measures during the first half of 2007. Argentina, Brazil, the European Communities (including individual member States), Hong Kong China, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, South Africa, Switzerland, Ukraine, the United States, and Viet Nam, each were the subject of fewer than three new measures during the first half of 2007.

Concerning the affected sectors, products in the chemicals sector were the most frequent subject of new measures during January-June 2007, accounting for 12 of the 57 total new measures reported. Products in the textiles sector were in second place, with 11 new measures. The base metals sector was in third place, with nine new measures. Of the 12 new measures reported on products in the chemicals sector, India applied eight, China applied three, and the United States applied one.

The data reported above are taken from the semi-annual reports of Members to the ADP Committee. The statistics are based on information from Members having submitted semi-annual reports for the relevant periods, and are incomplete to the extent that Members have not submitted reports or have submitted incomplete reports. For the purpose of these statistics, each investigation or measure reported covers one product imported from one country or customs territory.

The anti-dumping semi-annual reports by Members for the period 1 January-30 June 2007 can be found under document series G/ADP/N/158/*.